THE EFFECTIVENESS OF USING AUTHENTIC MATERIAL IN TEACHING DESCRIPTIVE TEXT TO IMPROVE STUDENT SPEAKING ABILITY part I

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
This chapter provides the basic idea related to the study. It presents the background of the study, statement of the problems, objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope and limitation of key terms.
A.Background of the Study
Learning English is needed since it is a global language used in both pleasure and business, such us wider network of relationship, ease to travel to any English speaking country without translator and more job opportunities opened.
In English, there are four skills that must be mastered well: reading and listening as receptive skills, speaking and writing as productive skills. Receptive skill means comprehending the meaning of the word in the target language and relating them to the native language. Meanwhile, in mastering productive skill, students are expected to put their idea in to conversation or written form.
However, in our daily lives, most of us speak more than write. Speaking is fundamental to human communication we do in one day.
In speaking, some teachers get difficulties in choosing right instructional material. Instructional material is the kind of material that used by teacher in learning process in the classroom. It is written or non written materials. Using instructional material there are so many purposes, the instructional material provides the material that students needed, helps the students to get alternative textbook, eases the teacher in learning process, and makes the effective communication in learning process.
On the other hand, without knowing about the benefit, sometimes teacher make a mistake in choosing the instructional material. It is why they get difficulties in using instructional material in learning process. Instructional material is an important part in learning process. The good material will give the deeply understanding to the student and catch their interest in learning process.
Most of the research always observe about the teaching method and ignore the important of the instructional material. Although, without the right instructional material, however the method it will be useless. The good material will guide the student to master the language well. It is why the instructional material is important in learning process.

B. Statements of the Problem
Based on the background of the study explained above, this research is trying to find the answer of the following questions:

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